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Children’s mental health crisis: Youngsters pushed over the edge by lockdown trauma

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/health/children-s-mental-health-coronavirus-special-investigation-lockdown-b899917.html

Children’s mental health crisis: Youngsters pushed over the edge by lockdown trauma
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he pandemic’s toll on mental health turned a loving boy into an aggressive and fearful child — and he is far from alone. Here, David Cohen examines the growing crisis

During the first lockdown, Jason was not flagged by his school as having any sort of mental health problem, but this time round is different.

The young teenager, who attends Kensington Aldridge Academy in west London, started to fall apart towards the end of the 2020 autumn term — he would abruptly walk out of class, shouting, kicking doors and punching the walls.

When Louis Levin, the school’s pastoral adviser, spoke to him, he encountered “a new Jason” who was also being rude and aggressive to his mother at home.

“This was a significant change,” said Levin. “Before the pandemic, he was an enthusiastic kid, a bit of a worrier but nothing serious, who loved his mum and had a good attitude.” With the new lockdown announced this month, things have got even worse.

Jason told Levin: “My mum is anxious and depressed and sometimes she spends the entire day in bed. She expects me to look after my siblings but they proper get on my nerves and I refuse to do it.”

<p>Mounting crisis: Louis Levin at Kensington Aldridge Academy. “There are many, many children who are struggling with their mental health”</p>
(

Mounting crisis: Louis Levin at Kensington Aldridge Academy. “There are many, many children who are struggling with their mental health”

/ Matt Writtle )

Levin added: “He is angry with his mother but also worried about her. He told me that his father no longer sends money to support them and he worries about that as well. He gets scared because he is having some very dark thoughts.

“We told him to come into school because he’s a vulnerable child going through a lot and it’s frankly untenable for his mental health to be at home all the time.

“Every day we try to build him up and give him hope but he looks crumpled and cries and says he can’t see an end to it. I can’t get a word out of him some days.

“I am sad to say, but there are many, many children in our school like Jason who are struggling with their mental health for the first time.”

Jason is one of more than 500,000 previously healthy children who have been pushed over the edge by the pandemic and who will need mental health support for the first time, say the Centre for Mental Health.

It’s a fast-changing, deteriorating picture, but the charity, using 2020 NHS data and academic research, estimate that 1.5 million children under 18 will either need new or additional mental health support as a consequence of the pandemic — of which one-third are completely new cases.

Leaders of other secondary and primary schools across London who were approached in our special investigation spoke of the unfolding crisis in their schools.

( Jeremy Selwyn )

Andrea MacDonald, deputy head at Beacon High in Islington, said: “We are seeing a very significant increase of children with mental health problems. Normally we make 15 referrals to child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) a year, but this academic year we are already at 25, double the amount of this time last year.”

Emilie Haston, headteacher of Goldfinch Primary School in Wandsworth, said: “We have a large number of children who before Covid did not have mental health problems but since the start of the pandemic have developed one.

“In some cases, you expect it because children live with parents who themselves have mental health issues, but in other instances you could not have predicted it.

“Some children have suffered memory loss of areas of the syllabus they’d already covered. Trauma can do that, it affects memory. And we have yet to see the impact of this lockdown. The worst is yet to come.”

The latest NHS data shows a sharp spike in children with diagnosable mental health problems, up 50 per cent from one in nine in 2017 to one in six in 2020.

( Evening Standard )

The stresses of the second and third lockdowns have yet to impact the data, but what is known is that low-income families fare worst, with children in the poorest 20 per cent of households four times as likely to develop problems as children in the wealthiest 20 per cent.

Stephen Scott, professor of child health and behaviour at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience at King’s College London, said: “The level of child and adolescent mental health problems we are seeing is unprecedented, the worst in over 50 years.

There has been something like a 50 per cent rise in children with a diagnosable mental health disorder, much of it since the pandemic. Most people are unaware how bad things are because it is largely hidden behind closed doors.”

The Government and the NHS, he added, are woefully unprepared. “The scandal is that the NHS have decided to spend very little on child and adolescent mental health, which has led to a widening deficit of care.

“The NHS spend for outpatients is about £50 per child per year, which is why CAMHS is so emaciated. Only about a quarter of children with the disorder level get seen by CAMHS with 75 per cent untreated. And that’s in normal times.”

The deficit of care has spilled over into accident and emergency units.

( Evening Standard )

An A&E consultant who runs the floor at one north London hospital told the Standard: “We have seen a steady increase in adolescents coming into A&E with mental health crises. After people coming in with Covid or chest pains, it’s the biggest group we see.

“It’s sad because apart from immediate medical support for overdoses or self-harm, there is little we can do. It’s like young people have been hit by a tsunami of issues with a very long tail. They need long-term support to help them.”

Why has children’s mental health deteriorated so quickly? Reasons include being locked down with parents and siblings under pressure from lost jobs, illness, domestic abuse, excessive parental anxiety, lack of usual outlets and overcrowding. 

For information and support call Mind on 0300 123 339

But Ricky Emanuel, a child, adolescent and adult psychotherapist and formerly head of child psychotherapy services at the Royal Free, said there was another critical reason driving the “astronomical increase”.

He explained: “For adolescents, the friendship group is key. It is their oxygen. They need the group to grapple with problems and manage their internal processes and different people in the group play different roles.

“This is so much more than missing their friends. They need them, they are dependent on them and it has to be in person — not just via social media. If you take that away, if you cut them adrift, they can unravel and fragment, which is why you are seeing so many struggle.”

  • The names of the children in this article have been changed

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Yukon man shares delight in Covid vaccine by bhangra dancing on frozen lake in Canada

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/canada-yukon-man-covid-vaccine-bhangra-dancing-lake-b921962.html

Yukon man shares delight in Covid vaccine by bhangra dancing on frozen lake in Canada
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dancer from Canada went viral after he celebrated receiving a coronavirus vaccine by bhangra dancing on a frozen lake.

Gurdeep Pandher moved to the Yukon in northwest Canada 10 years ago and lives in a wilderness cabin just outside of Whitehorse.

The city is the first capital in Canada to offer vaccines to everyone aged 18 and older.

In an uplifting video, Mr Pandher spread joy through the traditional Indian dance.

The 43-year-old was given his first vaccine dose on Monday, which he said “went wonderfully”.

“It was easy I did not even feel it, and even after the vaccine, I felt okay,” he told the PA news agency.

“You know sometimes we see in social media, or other platforms, people are concerned about the vaccine. but I did not feel anything like that. And then I went to a frozen lake in the Yukon to dance bhangra.

“It was an awesome experience, just to celebrate it and share the joy with the world.”

Despite the cold surroundings in Yukon, Mr Pandher said the high energy movements kept him warm.

He has been sharing videos of himself dancing around the frozen Yukon to try and bring hope and happiness during the pandemic.

“I understand that it’s not easy to be positive these days when we have a lot of pressures we have this global pandemic going on,” he said.

<p>Gurdeep Pandher received his first dose of a Covid jab on Monday</p>

Gurdeep Pandher received his first dose of a Covid jab on Monday

/ PA

“It is not easy, and people have really been suffering, but I feel that still, we can find joy if we want to if we think that tomorrow, or the day after tomorrow, things will be better things.

“We are going through a long dark night but there will be a beautiful sunrise eventually, that hope can bring the joy, and just looking forward to that beautiful sunrise can create positivity and it’s important to be positive. It doesn’t matter how tough, or hard our life is.”

Additional reporting by PA Media.

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Rishi Sunak dismisses claims Budget snubbed public sector workers as unions slam ‘insulting’ pay freeze

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/rishi-sunak-budget-public-sector-pay-b922042.html

Rishi Sunak dismisses claims Budget snubbed public sector workers as unions slam ‘insulting’ pay freeze

The Chancellor said that while there had been a “pause” in public-sector pay increases outside the NHS, the majority in the public sector would still see their pay increase next year.

Speaking at a post-Budget Downing Street press conference, Mr Sunak defended the move after union leaders said his silence on pay for public sector workers was “deafening” and dismissed his Budget as “an insult” for not pledging pay rises.

 Chancellor Rishi Sunak holds a press conference after delivering his Budget
Chancellor Rishi Sunak holds a press conference after delivering his Budget / Getty Images

Mr Sunak said: “Given that and given the very obviously difficult fiscal situation that we face, I thought for those reasons, and also to try to protect those public-sector jobs, it was reasonable to take a more targeted approach to public-sector pay this year.”

But Rehana Azam, national officer of the GMB union, said the Chancellor’s Budget on Wednesday was an “insult” to public sector workers.

“When it comes down to it, the big ‘love-in’ and ‘immense praise’ has amounted to nothing for the workers that carried us through the pandemic. Nor has he changed the super-spreader policy of poverty sick pay that prevents people from self-isolating.

“This Budget is an insult to the millions of NHS, schools, care, local government workers who have seen us through this crisis.”

TUC general secretary Frances O’Grady said: “After a year of key workers going above and beyond, it’s an insult that the Chancellor announced no new support for our hard-pressed NHS or public services and no guarantee of a decent pay rise for all our public sector key workers.”

Budget round-up: The key points

The Chancellor said the measures he had announced were benefiting people in “every corner” of the country, referring to the sites for the eight freeports in England which were revealed as part of the Budget.

Unite general secretary Len McCluskey said: “In this time of crisis, workers and communities are desperate for action on a scale that meets this enormous moment and takes us to a fairer future.

“Instead, the Chancellor plundered his back catalogue to pull out a sketchy policy, a return of freeports, a failed experiment of the last decades where the only winners are tax avoiders and bad bosses.

“Freeports are sinkholes, draining decent jobs and wages away from our communities.”

Meanwhile Dame Donna Kinnair, general secretary of the Royal College of Nursing, said: “The fact the Chancellor has not set aside money in this Budget for a significant pay rise for nursing staff is a worrying sign of his intention to give a very low pay award this summer.

“Nursing staff are worse off than they were a decade ago. If that pay rise is low, it won’t be enough to stave off a potential exodus of exhausted NHS nursing staff at the end of the pandemic – and NHS services will find safe patient care even harder to deliver.”

Rishi Sunak poses with the Budget Box

/ AFP via Getty Images

Mr Sunak’s admitted to eye-watering borrowing of nearly £600 billion over just two years. In a Budget shaped by the Covid-19 pandemic, the Chancellor gave away another £65 billion in lifelines to struggling companies, hospitality venues and workers.

But he also answered the burning question of how and when the massive sums spent will start to be repaid. “It is going to be the work of many governments, over many decades, to pay it back,” answered the Chancellor.

His second Budget package gave with one hand – extending the £20 uplift in Universal Credit, along with furloughing and the stamp duty holiday – all funded with borrowing of £600 billion over two years.

He shocked business leaders with a jump in Corporation Tax from 19p to 25p in the Pound in 2023, raising a projected £16 billion a year from profits and killing off the notion of Brexit Britain as a low-tax Singapore-style offshore haven.

Budget 2021: Rishi Sunak announced rise in income and corporate tax

For ordinary taxpayers, Mr Sunak announced a four-year freeze in the tax-free personal allowance and the 40p higher rate tax threshold, which will suck millions of people into paying more tax.

To comply with the Conservative election manifesto, there will be no hike in tax rates and a one-off rise in the thresholds this year.

The Chancellor was given a warm but quiet cheer from Tory MPs when he rose in a Commons after delivering the Budget. He pledged: “We will continue doing whatever it takes to support the British people and businesses through this moment of crisis.

“Second, once we are on the way to recovery, we will need to begin fixing the public finances – and I want to be honest today about our plans to do that. And, third, in today’s Budget we begin the work of building our future economy.”

But in his response, Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer accused him of just “a quick-fix, papering over the cracks”.

Sir Keir went on: “The party opposite spent a decade weakening the foundations of our economy, now they pretend they can rebuild it.”

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Duke of Edinburgh is ‘slightly improving’ in hospital, Camilla says

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/prince-philip-duke-improving-hospital-camilla-b921980.html

Duke of Edinburgh is ‘slightly improving’ in hospital, Camilla says
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he Duke of Edinburgh is “slightly improving” but he “hurts at moments”, the Duchess of Cornwall has said.

On a visit to south London, Camilla said of her 99-year-old father-in-law: “We keep our fingers crossed.”

Philip, the nation’s longest-serving consort, has spent 15 nights in hospital – his longest ever stay.

He is undergoing testing for a pre-existing heart condition and treatment for an infection after being moved by ambulance to St Bartholomew’s Hospital in the City of London on Monday.

The hospital move heightened concerns for the duke, who will turn 100 in June.

Camilla’s comments were reported by broadcasters covering her engagement on Wednesday morning at a community vaccination centre in Croydon.

Philip was said to be “comfortable” after his arrival at St Bartholomew’s, with Buckingham Palace saying “doctors will continue to treat him for an infection, as well as undertake testing and observation for a pre-existing heart condition”.

The Palace added that the duke was responding to treatment, but was expected to remain in hospital until at least the end of the week.

<p>The Duchess of Cornwall speaks with staff during a visit to the Community Vaccination Centre at St Paul's Church in Croydon</p>

The Duchess of Cornwall speaks with staff during a visit to the Community Vaccination Centre at St Paul’s Church in Croydon

/ Getty Images

He was initially admitted to the private King Edward VII’s Hospital on February 16 as a precautionary measure after feeling unwell.

Four days later, he was visited by his eldest son the Prince of Wales, who made a 200-mile round trip and stayed for around 30 minutes.

Philip has spent most of lockdown residing at Windsor Castle with the Queen for their safety, alongside a reduced household of staff dubbed HMS Bubble.

The Queen and the duke, who have been married for 73 years, received their first Covid-19 jabs in January.

Meanwhile, the Duchess of Cornwall said she suffered no side effects from her Covid-19 jab, and it was painless even though she dislikes needles.

Camilla, who had her first coronavirus jab last month, like the Prince of Wales, spoke to NHS staff, administrators and volunteer marshals, and met members of the public receiving their injections.

The duchess, who was wearing a medical face mask and a pink tweed Anna Valentine coat, chatted to Dr Agnelo Fernandes, a GP leading the vaccination process, about her own vaccination.

“No side effects and it didn’t hurt and I’m not a lover of needles,” Camilla remarked.

She joked to staff: “Have you had anyone sitting down and then legging it out of the room yet? No? Good.”

The duchess asked: “Are you having a lot of numbers coming in? What are your main problems?”

Told misinformation was an obstacle, Camilla replied: “Social media is an issue, isn’t it?

“The misinformation put out there – it just helps talking to your friends and colleagues about how easy it was.

“It may encourage them. It’s good to see the community leading by example.”

“We have a high degree of hesitancy as well. But despite that we have been doing really well.”

He said they were dealing with a rate of about 30% of people who did not want to take the vaccine.

“We are working on different ways of combating this, with community leaders and faith leaders, giving them information to make an informed choice,” Dr Fernandes added.

“There is so much disinformation and conspiracy theories. I am on several BAME groups and what is out there, particularly on social media, is just shocking.”

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What did Rishi Sunak say in his Budget 2021? Key points explained

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/budget-rishi-sunak-chancellor-key-points-b921991.html

What did Rishi Sunak say in his Budget 2021? Key points explained
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ishi Sunak has set out plans to freeze income tax thresholds and increase corporation tax as he begins the process of repairing the nation’s finances following the coronavirus crisis.

The Chancellor also used his Budget to set out a £65 billion spending package this year and next year to support the economy as it recovers from the pandemic.

Here are the key points from his 51-minute House of Commons address:

The economy

– The Chancellor said coronavirus has caused one of the “largest, most comprehensive and sustained economic shocks this country has ever faced”.

– Borrowing is forecast to be £234 billion next year – 10.3% of gross domestic product (GDP), a measure of the size of the economy – but will fall to 4.5% of GDP in 2022-23, 3.5% in 2023-24, then 2.9% and 2.8% in the following two years.

– The measures to support the economy amounted to £65 billion over this year and next, taking the total Government support to £407 billion over that period, Mr Sunak said.

<p> Rates of income tax, national insurance and VAT kept at the same level but personal tax thresholds will be frozen from April 2026.</p>

Rates of income tax, national insurance and VAT kept at the same level but personal tax thresholds will be frozen from April 2026.

/ PRU/AFP via Getty Images

Coronavirus support

– The furlough scheme will be extended to the end of September, as will support for the self-employed.

– The Universal Credit uplift of £20 a week will continue for a further six months, well beyond the end of this national lockdown.

– A new restart grant will start in April to help businesses reopen, with £5 billion of funding.

– The Chancellor confirmed an additional £1.6 billion for the coronavirus vaccine rollout and to “improve future preparedness”.

– The business rates holiday for the retail, hospitality and leisure sectors will continue until the end of June, and will be discounted by two thirds for the remaining nine months of the year.

– The 5% reduced rate of VAT for the tourism and hospitality sector will be extended for six months to the end of September, with an interim rate of 12.5% for another six months after that.

– The stamp duty cut will continue until the end of June, with the nil rate band set at £250,000 – double its standard level – until the end of September.

A new restart grant will start in April to help businesses reopen, with £5 billion of funding.

/ AFP via Getty Images

Taxation

– The rate of corporation tax, paid on company profits, will increase to 25% in April 2023 – but small businesses with profits of £50,000 or less will continue to be taxed at 19%.

– There will be a “super deduction” for companies when they invest, reducing their tax bill by 130% of the cost for the next two years.

– Rates of income tax, national insurance and VAT kept at the same level but personal tax thresholds will be frozen from April 2026.

Other announcements

– The minimum wage will increase to £8.91 an hour from April.

– On apprenticeships, the Government is to double the incentive payments given to businesses to £3,000 for all new hires, of any age.

– All alcohol duties are frozen for the second year in a row and the planned increase in fuel duty is also cancelled.

– A “mortgage guarantee” was announced, with lenders who provide mortgages to homebuyers who can only afford a 5% deposit benefitting from a Government guarantee on those mortgages.

– The UK Infrastructure Bank will be located in Leeds, while the Treasury is to establish a new economic campus in Darlington, the Chancellor revealed.

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Budget 2021: Rishi Sunak announces income and corporation tax hikes amid record borrowing of nearly £600bn

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/rishi-sunak-budget-2021-latest-news-updates-reaction-b921967.html

Budget 2021: Rishi Sunak announces income and corporation tax hikes amid record borrowing of nearly £600bn
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ishi Sunak announced tax raids on families and big business today – after admitting to eye-watering borrowing of nearly £600 billion over just two years.

But he also answered the burning question of how and when the massive sums spent will start to be repaid. “It is going to be the work of many governments, over many decades, to pay it back,” answered the Chancellor.

His second Budget package gave with one hand – extending the £20 uplift in Universal Credit, along with furloughing and the stamp duty holiday – all funded with eye-watering borrowing of £600 billion over two years.

But then it started clawing back money with the other hand, shocking business leaders with a jump in Corporation Tax from 19p to 25p in the Pound in 2023, raising a projected £16 billion a year from profits and killing off the notion of Brexit Britain as a low-tax Singapore-style offshore haven.

For ordinary taxpayers, Mr Sunak took a more stealthy approach to increasing his tax take, announcing a four-year freeze in the tax-free personal allowance and the 40p higher rate tax threshold, which will suck millions of people into paying more tax.  To comply with the Conservative election manifesto, there will be no hike in tax rates and a one-off rise in the thresholds this year.

The Chancellor was given a warm but quiet cheer from Tory MPs when he rose in a Commons that was relatively quiet due to social distancing.

He pledged: “We will continue doing whatever it takes to support the British people and businesses through this moment of crisis.

“Second, once we are on the way to recovery, we will need to begin fixing the public finances – and I want to be honest today about our plans to do that.

“And, third, in today’s Budget we begin the work of building our future economy.”

Mr Sunak’s announcements were overshadowed and shaped by new figures spelling out the jaw-dropping cost to Covid-19 to the public finances.

The Government will borrow £355 billion this year and £243 billion next year, and Mr Sunak warned it will take “decades” to repay.

Overall British taxation levels will rise to the highest levels seen since Roy Jenkins was Chancellor of a Labour government in the 1960s.

“The amount we’ve borrowed is only comparable with the amount we borrowed during the two world wars,” he said. “It is going to be the work of many governments, over many decades, to pay it back.”

The Government has spent an astonishing £352 billion on help so far, rising to £407 billion after the new measures, he said.

“Coronavirus has caused one of the largest, most comprehensive and sustained economic shocks this country has ever faced,” he told MPs.

“And, by any objective analysis, this Government has delivered one of the largest, most comprehensive and sustained responses this country has ever seen.”

Sunak: Stamp duty cut to continue until end of June

* Help for families and firms:  Mr Sunak began his speech by drawing attention to the Covid rescue measures. “I said I would do whatever it takes; I have done; and I will do,” he said. He then extended the stamp duty holiday as well as furloughing and the £20 Universal Credit boost until the end of September, meaning help will continue after the June 21 date when the economy is due to reopen in the roadmap.  He also revealed extra help for 600,000 self-employed people, who will get grants of up to £7,500.

* Income tax:  Direct taxation will rise in a series of stealth taxes, starting with a freeze on thresholds at which people start paying the basic and higher rates of income tax. These will rise to £12,570 and £50,270, but then stay at that level until 2026.  It means millions will pay more tax without rates having to go up. “We are not hiding it,” said Mr Sunak, who called it “progressive and fair”.  In another stealth raid, he froze inheritance tax thresholds and the pensions lifetime allowance, meaning people who save more could be liable to penal charges.

* Corporation tax: The hike in corporation tax, paid on the profits of major firms, was a surprise as most experts had expected a gradual rise.  Small businesses will be exempt from it. One top economist expressed shock at the “risky” scale of the corporation rise hike, from 19p to 25p.  “That’s a huge increase in rate of corporation tax,” tweeted Paul Johnson of the Institute for Fiscal Studies. “Right at top end of expectations. Extraordinary reversal of longstanding policy. Risky.”

Keir Starmer: ‘I’m sure this Budget will look better on Instagram’

*  Investment:  A series of incentives for investment were promised to sweeten the tax pill for business.  More generous tax relief will go to firms that invest in new plant, in what the Chancellor called a “pro-business tax regime”, He told MPs: “While many businesses are struggling, others have been able to build up significant cash reserves. We need to unlock that investment, we need an investment-led recovery.”  Under a “super deduction”, for the next two years companies can reduce their tax bill by investing. The OBR believed it could boost business investment by 10 per cent, or around £20 billion extra per year, Mr Sunak said.

* Freeports:  Eight new English Freeports, which will boost jobs with tax advantages, will be based in East Midlands Airport, Felixstowe & Harwich, Humber, Liverpool City Region, Plymouth, Solent, Thames and Teesside.

* £5 billion restart fund for cash grants of up to £18,000 for hospitality, accommodation, leisure, personal care and gym businesses.

* Extension of the Film & TV Production Restart scheme in the UK, with an additional £300 million to support theatres, museums and other cultural organisations to re-open.

* Extension to the VAT cut to five per cent for hospitality, accommodation and attractions across the UK until the end of September, followed by a 12.5 per cent rate for a further six months until 31 March 2022.

* Business rate holidays at 100 per cent for eligible firms in the retail, hospitality and leisure sectors continue until June and then being scaled back for those that can re-open.

* In a landmark reform, Mr Sunak also announced that the Bank of England would be given a new role in ensuring the UK meets the “net zero” target by 2050.

Having unveiled a string of measures, the Chancellor added:  “Underpinning all of this will be an updated monetary policy remit for the Bank of England. It reaffirms their 2% inflation target. But now, it will also reflect the importance of environmental sustainability and the transition to net zero.”

Britain is hosting the COP26 environmental summit in Glasgow in the autumn, amid warnings that the world is running out of time to tackle global warming

750,000 eligible businesses in the retail, hospitality and leisure sectors in England will benefit from business rates relief.

Chancellor confirms extension of furlough scheme

* Extending the apprenticeship hiring scheme to September 2021, with an increase of payment to £3,000

* An extra £19 million to tackle domestic abuse in England and Wales, with more support for homeless women and a programme to deter re-offending.

Spelling out his vision of the future, Mr Sunak rhapsodised to MPs: “I see innovative, fast-growing businesses hiring local people into decent, well-paid, green jobs. I see people designing, manufacturing and exporting incredible new products and services. I see people putting down roots in places they are proud to call home. I see a people optimistic and ambitious for their future. That, Madam Deputy Speaker, is the future economy of this country.”

Forecasts by the OBR show the economy will grow more slowly this year than hoped – but then bounce back in 2022 with bumper growth of over seven per cent.

Mr Sunak released a picture of himself raising his scarlet box with Treasury ministers socially distanced down the staircase at No 11.

After his speech, he was due to hold a rare Budget Day news conference at 10 Downing Street, before being grilled again by Conservative MPs in private.

Earlier the Chancellor briefed the full Cabinet on his package, which he called “Protecting the jobs and livelihoods of the British people”.

A Downing Street spokesman said: “The Chancellor said that, while we face challenging times, we will rise to that challenge and we can be optimistic about the recovery.

“He said the Budget will begin the work of building our future economy.”

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